Litzmannstadt Ghetto, Ghetto Lodz

Hospital No. 4 Mickiewicza St. (Richterstrasse) today Tokarska Street

During the ghetto years, a medical center called Hospital No.4 was located at 7 Mickiewicza St., what is today Tokarska Street. The Nazis proceeded to cruelly shut down the operation in September 1942, what ghetto observers would recall was a systematic liquidation.

When word spread about the impending doom, the hospital's patients desperately tried to escape. Anxious to save themselves, some of them jumped out of windows high above the ground. Those that remained inside were gathered together and transported to the death camp at Chelmno-nad-Nerem.

Later, the building was to house one of the labor departments, but within two months a surgical hospital was established at the site. The hospital building still exists today.

Nearby, between Mickiewicza and Dolna streets, a new open air coal depot was established in November 1942. For this purpose, several wooden houses were torn down. To this day, the area remains undeveloped.

Punctually, at 5 a.m., trucks with a large crew of uniformed and non-uniformed police and paramedics arrived at Balucki Rynek. The policemen were commanded to close the streets in the places where the trucks were parking. The trucks were first directed to the hospital at Wesola Street, where the evacuation of the ill was carried out. During the day, other hospitals (there are four of them in the ghetto) were evacuated, including the children's hospital on Lagiewnicka Street, the preventive sanatorium in Marysin, and the Central Prison. [...J The evacuation was attended by the night shift of paramedics and nurses; and the day shift, including doctors, were kept out of the hospital buildings. The buildings were surrounded by a cordon of the Order Service, which was instructed to keep everyone out of the evacuation areas.
The Chronicle of the Lodz Ghetto, September 1, 1942, Vol. 2, p. 238.

Presently, there are 130 patients in the hospital on Mickiewicza Street. It is significant that in the current situation not so many people want to be admitted to that hospital, whereas, earlier, hundreds of patients that qualified for hospital treatment had to wait for a bed. This occurence is on the one hand caused by the fact that the population is still overwhelmed by the shock, which was the evacuation of hospitals; on the other hand, the management of the hospital admits only fast curable cases, particularly surgical ones. However, the largest category of patients, which is, as everyone knows, tuberculosis patients, and patients with famine oedema, are denied admission to the hospital.
The Chronicle of the Lodz Ghetto, October 31, 1942, Vol. 2, p. 331.

Following the motto "Everybody to the front, i.e. to the labor departments," doctors are employed in all factories now. Every departmental enterprise with a total number of workers exceeding 1,000 people, is assigned one departmental doctor, who sees patients for seven hours a day. The bedridden patients are referred to competent doctors in their local clinics. [... ] Since the liquidation of the hospitals, the ghetto has been deprived of any auxiliary medical equipment. The supplies of medication worsens every day. The lack of injections and chemicals is becoming more and more severe.
The Chronicle of the Lodz Ghetto, November 6, 1942, Vol. 2, p. 346.

He filled in death certificates on the spot, as did two other sanitary doctors. At least, in this way he could spare additional trouble to those who fixed the last ghetto matters of the dead. At the beginning, the names which he entered in the certificates had no familiar ring to him. Typical Jewish surnames ending in... berg,... shon,... blat,... blum, whom he did not associate with anyone he knew. After some time, however, surnames of acquaintances, colleagues or friends from his previous normal life started to appear. By a strange coincidence, he issued death certificates for his three colleagues, with whom he had made his first steps and passed his final examinations in secondary school. At the beginning of his second year in the ghetto, he signed the first death certificate with his own family's surname. This was the start of a long series.
Arnold Mostowicz, The Yellow Star and the Red Cross, p. 56.